The Pythagoreion and Heraion, Samos island

The small island of Samos has been inhabited since the 3rd millenium BC. It was considered to be one of the most important centers for political and cultural developments  from prehistory, through the 4th to 5th century BC an up until the Middle Ages. The fortified ancient city of Pythagoreion and the ancient Temple of Hera, Heraion, are important sites on the island. Evidence suggests that the main settlement of this area was around the 10th century BC; however, there are also finds that date back to the Neolithic period, during the 5th and 4th millennium BC.

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